BSDA is partner in SAFE in SPORT project
30.12.2017
Protection of integrity of young sports people, young athletes involved in elite sports may put at risk their health because of increasing pressure to achieve results even at the lowest levels of competitions.
Increased requirements of the training process in order to achieve better results carry a risk of disorders of vital functions in the body. Ignorance of the basic principles of the training process - the frequency, intensity and duration, combined with inadequate preparedness of athletes and their objective possibilities cause greater number of pathophysiological changes in the body.


Jumping/plyometric training is an integral part of the preparation of many athletes and amateurs that regardless of age and sex, has a positive effect on: strength, speed, power, agility, balance, jumps, throws, punches and bone density. Plyometric training in children’s age has been used for many years and has proven to be particularly suitable for the development and improvement of motor performance of jumping and running. It is important to note that the children in this developmental period markedly differ in their motor skills due to the different stages of maturation, so they should be divided into groups according to biological age. Unfortunately, most coaches still divide children - athletes on the basis of chronological age, which is absolutely unjustified.

Accordingly, the objective of the project is to point out the biological age as an important determinant of motor achievements of children in the age range 10-16 years. In addition, we want to contribute to a better understanding of the ways in which plyometric training changes jumping and sprinting performance in children of different biological age. The selection of children or young athletes based on biological age contributes to the overall sports development, within which the care about health and prevention of injury of young people plays an important role. For this reason, and the fact that at the present time young talented athletes face increasing demands not only for achieving top results, but also for the realization of this goal in the shortest possible time, constant education of sports and sports health professionals is crucial.

Jumping/plyometric training is a training method leading to adaptation on neuromuscular, bone and muscle- tendon level: improved storage and use of elastic energy, the increase in the working area of the activated muscle, improved response of unconscious nerve reflexes, improved length of muscle tension, increased muscle pre- activation, improved muscle coordination. Improving the specified features undoubtedly leads to the improvement of single motor performance, therefore, plyometric training is an integral part of the preparation of many athletes and amateurs of all ages.

Due to the fact that children in the period of transition from childhood to adolescence have sensitive motor skills (such as speed, agility, strength and power), the plyometric training, besides being suitable for the development and improvement of motor performance of jumping and running, can be a serious issue if the training process overdoses.
It is therefore important to support the exchange of good practices among sport stakeholders on measures intended to improve injury prevention, to raise awareness of the protection of the health of young athletes.

The general objective of the action is to prevent injuries and protect health of young athletes at the grass root level through involvement of coaches with extensive experience in training youth. The coaches are the first and the most important figures in sports careers development of all athletes. Their influence is the foremost in formation habits and technique of young in training. They are in position to prevent injuries during the whole career of an athlete.

The specific objective of the action is to exchange the best practices in athletic training and to improve practical training methodology conductive to prevention of injuries and health protection of young athletes in close cooperation with medical profession.
The action will mainly consist of exchange of information and good practices and common training initiatives. It will result in production of training manual and video for coaches in track and field (athletics).

Insufficient level or lack of any education/training of sports coaches is an aggravating circumstance in the quality long-term development of children - athletes. Superficial approach to the methodology of sports training of inadequately educated sports staff leads to a lack of motivation to work, progress and achievement of quality results of children - athletes. Unfortunately, such work often leads to early giving up from training and enjoying the chosen sport. Sports injuries is non-small number of times stop children - athletes in achieving their goals. Therefore, sports coaches training/education should be an integral part of its annual work plan.

With this in mind, the project partners decided to offer an additional form of non-formal education for coaches, to acquire new skills and, what is especially important, to educate them through practical exercises that will be carried out by experts-demonstrators.
High quality training professional work is important for young athletes to start sporting careers are be adequately treated.

The innovative aspects of this project consist of a new approach to non-formal education of trainers in order to protect young athletes from the inadequate training i methodology.

The proposal is also innovative in following topics:

The first one is network created for health protection of young athletes, which is targeting coaches, young athletes, kinesiology’s, doctors, sport authorities on local, regional and national level as well. All of them are included in the project proposal through different activities and act together towards same objective.

The second innovative concept is a 3-5 minute film which will display properly performed plyometric exercises. The combination of audio and visual film is much more acceptable than the use of pictures and descriptions. Project film is an opportunity to educate our target audience. The film will be used for partner’s own needs, it will be delivered to the national athletics association, sports clubs in the region, but also will be distributed through the other different digital channels (website, Facebook, YouTube).

Through this 2 innovative approaches project has strong impact toward target groups and great opportunity to educate coaches and to raise their awareness on adequate training load

Finally, project team is organized from 7 experts which are specialist in different fields, sports, education, motivation, research and innovation and exercising. They will act together in development of innovative system of teaching and transferring knowledge to target groups.

Project SAFE in SPORT is co-funded by Erasmus+ Sport Programme of the European Commission.